The great advances in napkin designs lead to a reduction in severe, irritant napkin dermatitis [Different skin disorders in your baby].
There are four types of napkin dermatitis. So, recognizing the condition as early as possible can help in managing the disease.
4 types of napkin rashes include:
- Irritant dermatitis
- Seborrhoeic dermatitis
Candidiasis: Most often it is suspected as the main cause of napkin dermatitis. Often it is present if the affected skin is scrubbed, but it stays unclear if it has a pathogenic role. Mainly candidiasis is an infection that normally does not cause disease but it can become pathogenic when your childâ€™s immune system is impaired and unable to fight of infection.
Usually this condition presents as a collarette of thin boils of 1-2 mm in diameter about the circumference of wound, which expands outward.
Psoriasis: This disease is only limited to the napkin area. Usually, the appearance of rash appears in red color with a deficiency of scaling. You will observe typical red plaques with definite border and silvery scales on the edges.
Irritant dermatitis: This is the most common type of nappy rash. In this, the skin will resist exposure to the alkaline mix of faeces and urine seized in close proximity by a nappy. Mainly, this condition is due to the action of faecal proteases on the babyâ€™s skin. Again this effect increases due to the alkaline urine pH.
The eruption of rash seems to be associated with scaling and redness. Buttocks are the area, which is mostly in contact with the irritants and is more prone to the development of rash. The rash becomes more generalized if skin irritation continues. The continual exposure can lead to ulcers, erosions and nodules.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis: This skin disease begins in the creases. This develops as a rash and is in bright red color and confluent. Though scaling is a prominent characteristic of dermatitis on the other areas of the body, it is not present in the napkin area. Infants also get a similar rash on their scalp, face and on any other flexures.
Whatever might be the reasons for napkin dermatitis, but taking proper care can facilitate the treatment. Frequently reduce the skin irritation and the contents in the nappy to make your baby feel comfortable.
Use quality and disposable nappies. You must change the nappies frequently and avoid wearing plastic and rubber pants. If the nappy area gets inflamed, then apply hydrocortisone ointment for one week. Clotrimazole, miconazole, Nystatin, and econazole containing products can greatly help if your child has candidiasis.